Monday, April 1, 2013

Ask the English Teacher: Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositional Phrases

A reader asked: "I am helping my child with adverbs and adjectives and prepositional phrases. I am having a lot of trouble with it my self. The noble lord greedily collected many taxes and became rich. The brave knight in armor rushed blindly toward his foe."

Things to remember:
Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. Adjectives usually answer the question "what kind," "which one," "how much/many," or "whose."

In your examples,

  • What kind of lord? A noble lord
  • How many taxes? Many taxes
  • What kind of lord (did he become)? A rich lord
  • What kind of knight? A brave knight
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs usually answer the question "where," "when," "how," "how often," or "to what extent."  Adverbs often end in -ly.
  • How did he collect taxes? Greedily collected
  • How did the knight rushed? Blindly rushed
Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun. A preposition shows how that noun or pronoun relates to some other word in the sentence.
  • In armor tells us how the knight and the armor are related. The knight is in armor
  • Toward his foe tells us how the knight and his foe are related. The knight is rushing toward his foe.
I hope this is helpful. For further help let me recommend, a very helpful free website.